Citing Personal Communications such as Interviews, Emails, etc. (pp. 259-260)
According to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 7th ed., "Because readers cannot retrieve the information in personal communications, personal communications are not included in the references list; they are cited in the text only" (p. 260).
Personal communications include:
personal interviews (does not included published interviews)
unrecorded classroom lectures
messages from nonarchived discussion groups
Be sure to check with your professor at JU when citing interviews, emails, or other personal communications. Your professor may ask you to list personal communications in your references list, even though it is not required in APA format.
Cite personal communication in-text when you refer to them in your paper:
Example 1: A. A. Ford (personal communication, January 21, 2020) asserts that teaching is a difficult but rewarding profession.
Example 2: "Teaching is a difficult but rewarding profession" (A. A. Ford, personal communication, January 21, 2020).